- Euro area net saving decreased to €678 billion in four quarters up to third quarter of 2022, compared with €731 billion one quarter earlier
- Household debt-to-income ratio declined to 94.7% in third quarter of 2022 from 96.0% one year earlier
- Non-financial corporations’ debt-to-GDP ratio (consolidated measure) decreased to 77.6% in third quarter of 2022 from 79.4% one year earlier
Total euro area economy
Euro area net saving decreased to €678 billion (6.5% of euro area net disposable income) in the four quarters to the third quarter of 2022, as compared with €731 billion one quarter earlier. Euro area net non-financial investment increased to €667 billion (6.4% of net disposable income), as investment by all four main sectors of the economy, namely households, general government, and non-financial and financial corporations, increased (see Chart 1).
Euro area net lending to the rest of the world decreased to €39 billion (from €214 billion in the previous quarter), as net saving decreased and non-financial investment increased. Net lending by households decreased to €318 billion (3.1% of net disposable income, after 3.6%). Net lending of non-financial corporations declined to €3 billion (0.0% of net disposable income, after 1.4%) while that of financial corporations was broadly unchanged at €68 billion (0.7% of net disposable income). The decrease in net lending by the total private sector was partially offset by a decline in net borrowing by the general government sector (-3.4% of net disposable income, after -3.6%).
Household financial investment increased at a broadly unchanged annual rate of 2.6% in the third quarter of 2022. This was due to higher growth rates of investment in currency and deposits (4.0%, after 3.7%) and debt securities (7.4%, after 0.0%), which were offset by a deceleration of investment in shares and other equity (1.4%, after 2.3%) and in life insurance (1.2%, after 1.6%) (see Table 1 below).
Households were overall net buyers of listed shares. By issuing sector, they were net buyers primarily of listed shares issued by non-financial corporations and the rest of the world (i.e. shares issued by non-euro area residents), and to a lesser extent of listed shares of MFIs, other financial institutions and insurance corporations. Households made net purchases of debt securities issued by general government and to a lesser extent non-financial corporations and MFIs, while selling debt securities issued by other financial institutions and the rest of the world (see Table 2.2. in the Annex).
The household debt-to-income ratio decreased to 94.7% in the third quarter of 2022 from 96.0% in the third quarter of 2021. The household debt-to-GDP ratio declined to 58.2% in the third quarter of 2022 from 60.5% in the third quarter of 2021 (see Chart 2).
Calculated as loans divided by gross disposable income adjusted for the change in pension entitlements.
In the third quarter of 2022, the annual growth of financing of non-financial corporations increased to 3.5% from 3.2% in the previous quarter, reflecting an acceleration in financing by loans as well as shares and other equity, while the financing by trade credits and debt securities decelerated (see Table 2 below).
The acceleration of loan financing was due to higher growth rates in loans from MFIs, from within the non-financial corporations sector, from general government and from the rest of the world, while loans from other financial institutions decelerated (see Table 3.2 in the Annex).
Non-financial corporations’ debt-to-GDP ratio (consolidated measure) decreased to 77.6% in the third quarter of 2022 from 79.4% in the third quarter of 2021; the non-consolidated, wider debt measure, decreased to 140.7% from 142.5% (see Chart 2).